15 Absolutely Breathtaking Photographs of Iceland

Iceland is a Nordic nation situated at the crossroad between the North Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean, with total area of 102,775 square kilometres. The natural treasures of this volcanic island are bewildering, being thus the direct or indirect effects of the magmatic formation of the country commencing 70 million years ago. Analysing its formation, it’s no wonder that the country has some of the world’s most breathtaking landscapes.

Aside from the main island, Iceland consists also of other smaller islands, including the Westman Islands (among which is the Surtsey island, one of the youngest islands in the world which formed after repeated volcanic eruptions throughout the late 1960s).

During the Dark Ages, Iceland was inhabited by hermit Gaelic-speaking monks from Ireland and Scotland, which explains in part the Celtic origins of the Icelanders. Subsequently, the Norsemen colonised the coastal parts of Iceland starting in the 9th century. The Norse settlement is documented in the Icelandic sagas.

Nowadays, Iceland is one of the most economically prosperous countries worldwide and ranks very high in most of the global charts, being the leader of the Human Development Index between 2005 and 2006.

Kirkjufell ('the Church mountain' in Icelandic) from western Iceland.

Kirkjufell (‘the Church mountain’ in Icelandic) from western Iceland

Gufufoss waterfall near Seyðisfjörður, eastern Iceland.

Gufufoss waterfall near Seyðisfjörður, eastern Iceland

Landmannalaugar, from the Fjallabak Nature Reserve, in the Highlands of Icelands.

Landmannalaugar, from the Fjallabak Nature Reserve, in the Highlands of Icelands

Seljalandsfoss in southern Iceland

Seljalandsfoss in southern Iceland

Glaciers from Iceland

Glaciers from Iceland

Crater lake from Iceland

Crater lake from Iceland

Icelandic icebergs as seen at dusk

Icelandic icebergs as seen at sunset

Strokkur geyser, instant before erupting

Strokkur geyser, instant before erupting

Icelandic Aurora Borealis (the Northern Lights)

Icelandic Aurora Borealis (the Northern/Nordic Lights)

Icelandic Aurora Borealis (the Northern/Nordic Lights)

Icelandic Aurora Borealis (the Northern/Nordic Lights)

Mars-like Icelandic landscape

Mars-like Icelandic landscape

Photograph of a volcanic crater from Laki, southern Iceland

Photograph of a volcanic crater from Laki, southern Iceland

Photograph from the Kerlingarfjöll mountain range in the Highlands of Iceland

Photograph from the Kerlingarfjöll mountain range in the Highlands of Iceland

Photograph of the beach near Vík í Mýrdal, the southernmost village of Iceland

Photograph of the beach near Vík í Mýrdal, the southernmost village of Iceland

Reykjavík, the country's captal city and home to 64% of Iceland's population

Panoramic view of Reykjavík, the country’s captal city and home to 64% of Iceland’s population

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