15 Absolutely Breathtaking Photographs of Iceland
Iceland is a Nordic nation situated at the crossroad between the North Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean, with total area of 102,775 square kilometres. The natural treasures of this volcanic island are bewildering, being thus the direct or indirect effects of the magmatic formation of the country commencing 70 million years ago. Analysing its formation, it’s no wonder that the country has some of the world’s most breathtaking landscapes.
Aside from the main island, Iceland consists also of other smaller islands, including the Westman Islands (among which is the Surtsey island, one of the youngest islands in the world which formed after repeated volcanic eruptions throughout the late 1960s).
During the Dark Ages, Iceland was inhabited by hermit Gaelic-speaking monks from Ireland and Scotland, which explains in part the Celtic origins of the Icelanders. Subsequently, the Norsemen colonised the coastal parts of Iceland starting in the 9th century. The Norse settlement is documented in the Icelandic sagas.
Nowadays, Iceland is one of the most economically prosperous countries worldwide and ranks very high in most of the global charts, being the leader of the Human Development Index between 2005 and 2006.
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