Linguistic Maps Of Europe | Languages Of Europe

Below are represented 10 distinct maps which showcase the languages spoken in Europe. According to the mainstream linguistic classification, in Europe there are 6 major Indo-European language families, namely Romance, Slavic, Germanic, Baltic, Celtic, and Hellenic (alongside a non-Indo-European family, specifically the Finno-Ugric linguistic branch which comprises Hungarian, Finnish, and Estonian).

Beside the aforementioned branches, there are also Albanian and Basque (each acting as a separate linguistic family of its own). Unlike Albanian (which is an Indo-European language), Basque is an isolated language spoken in northern Spain and southern France with no certain roots discovered to date.

Some of these maps are based on ethnic criterion, others solely on the linguistic one. The entire major linguistic classification in Europe by linguistic arch is the following one (in no particular order):

  • Romance languages: Italian, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Romanian, Catalan, Romansh
  • Germanic languages: German, Dutch, English, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic, Scots, Frisian, Faroese, Elfdalian
  • Slavic languages: Russian, Serbian, Polish, Croatian, Slovakian, Slovenian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Czech, Belorussian, Macedonian, Bosnian, Montenegrin
  • Hellenic languages: Greek (including Cypriot Greek)
  • Albanian
  • Finno-Ugric languages: Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian
  • Baltic languages: Latvian and Lithuanian
  • Celtic languages: Irish, Breton, Manx, Cornish, Welsh, Scottish Gaellic

Statistics by number of native speakers worldwide (top 5 for each linguistic family):

Romance languages

  1. Spanish (410 million speakers)
  2. Portuguese (250 million speakers)
  3. French (75 million speakers)
  4. Italian (60 million speakers)
  5. Romanian (24 million speakers)

Germanic languages

  1. English (360 million speakers)
  2. German (100 million speakers)
  3. Dutch (23 million speakers)
  4. Swedish (9 million speakers)
  5. Danish (5.5 million speakers)

Slavic languages

  1. Russian (155 million speakers)
  2. Polish (40 million speakers)
  3. Ukrainian (30 million speakers)
  4. Serbo-Croatian (19 million speakers)
  5. Czech (10 million speakers)

Baltic languages

  1. Lithuanian (3 million speakers)
  2. Latvian (1.75 million speakers)

Current linguistic map of Europe. Image source: www.commons.wikimedia.org

Alternative distribution of languages in Europe. Source: link

The word for ‘Christmas’ in various European languages. Source: i.imgur.com

The word for flower in various European languages. Source: link

The word for ‘flower’ in various European languages. Source: www.folk.ntnu.no

Detailed map of languages and dialects spoken in Europe. Image source: www.deviantart.com

Detailed map of languages and dialects spoken in Europe and parts of Eurasia and northern Africa. Image source: www.deviantart.com

Alternative distribution of European Languages according to ethnic criterion

An alternative map depicting the distribution of the European languages with afferent clasifications. Image source: www.commons.wikimedia.org

French-language linguistic map of Central Europe in 1898. Image source: www.commons.wikimedia.org

‘Multilingual Europe, showing the genealogy of the languages, together with the alphabets and modes of writing of all peoples.’ by Gottfried Hensel, 18th century. Image source: www.commons.wikimedia.org

Languages in Central Europe in 1904. Image source: www.commons.wikimedia.org

Ethnolinguistic map of Europe in 1918. Image source: www.commons.wikimedia.org

Black and white linguistic map of Europe (September, 2008). Image source: www.commons.wikimedia.org

You can also type a word and map it using this application which will automatically detect the language and highlight the geographical area in which the respective idiom is spoken.


10 Responses to Linguistic Maps Of Europe | Languages Of Europe

  1. Christopher Farrugia says:

    What about Maltese?

    Maltese is a mixture of Arabic (c 40%) and Romance languages.esp Italian and French (c 55 %). There are also words of English origin (c 5%)

  2. orion9e9e2 says:

    Es bueno conocer todos los idiomas y de donde son.

  3. laila sibaja carballo says:

    Amazing , thanks!

  4. Kem Cason says:

    This is incredible! Unbelievably comprehensive and extremely useful
    Thank you so much for the research and compilation.

  5. eglys broslat says:

    Very intresting, love lenguaje, I’m french teacher.

  6. Haydee McCarville says:

    Very enlightening! I always wondered about the language relationships in Europe. Thank you for posting.

  7. Tamera says:

    You are my inspiration, I own few blogs and often run out from to brand.

  8. Hollis says:

    There is another mistake, as far as I can tell. In one of the maps, the third one down, Ireland is marked with ‘Erse’ and Scotland is marked as ‘Gaelic’. Ireland should be marked as ‘Gaelic’ and Scotland as ‘Galic’. I only know this because I am a native Irish speaker 😉

  9. Mr.E says:

    Lithuanian flower is gelė, not žiedas.

  10. […] Language map of Europe. Source: The Dockyards […]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *