Linguistic maps of Europe | Languages of Europe

Below are 17 different maps depicting the languages spoken in Europe. According to the mainstream linguistic classification, in Europe there are 6 major Indo-European families, namely Romance, Slavic, Germanic, Baltic, Celtic and Hellenic alongside a non-Indo-European family, specifically the Finno-Ugric linguistic branch (comprising Hungarian, Finnish and Estonian).

Beside the aforementioned branches, there are also Albanian and Basque (each acting as a linguistic family as well). Unlike Albanian which is an Indo-European language, Basque is an isolated language spoken in northern Spain and southern France with no certain roots discovered to date.

Some of these maps are based on ethnic criterion, others solely on the linguistic one. The entire major linguistic classification in Europe by linguistic arch is the following one:

  • Romance languages (Italian, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Romanian, Catalan)
  • Germanic languages (German, Dutch, English, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic, Scots, Frisian, Faroese, Elfdalian)
  • Slavic languages (Russian, Serbian, Polish, Croatian, Slovakian, Slovenian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Czech, Belorussian, Macedonian, Bosnian, Montenegrin)
  • Hellenic languages (Greek)
  • Albanian
  • Finno-Ugric languages (Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian)
  • Baltic languages (Latvian, Lithuanian)
  • Celtic languages (Irish, Breton, Manx, Cornish, Welsh, Scottish Gaellic)

Statistics by number of native speakers worldwide (top 5 for each linguistic family):

Romance languages

  1. Spanish (410 million speakers)
  2. Portuguese (250 million speakers)
  3. French (75 million speakers)
  4. Italian (60 million speakers)
  5. Romanian (24 million speakers)

Germanic languages

  1. English (360 million speakers)
  2. German (100 million speakers)
  3. Dutch (23 million speakers)
  4. Swedish (9 million speakers)
  5. Danish (5.5 million speakers)

Slavic languages

  1. Russian (155 million speakers)
  2. Polish (40 million speakers)
  3. Ukrainian (30 million speakers)
  4. Serbo-Croatian (19 million speakers)
  5. Czech (10 million speakers)

Baltic languages

  1. Lithuanian (3 million speakers)
  2. Latvian (1.75 million speakers)

Languages in Europe. Image source: www.wikimedia.org

Languages of Europe in 1910. Image source:

Distribution of European languages in 1910. Image source: www.blogspot.com

Distribution of European languages in 1848. Note: there are small errors on the map (Albanian is not a Slavic language, Hungarian is also spoken in several other countries, etc.). Image source: www.clehmann.org

Languages in Europe by country. Image source:

Languages in Europe by country. Image source: www.blogspot.com

European language families. Image source: link

European language families. Note: Hungarian is also spoken in the Carpathian basin. Image source: www.linguistics.buffalo.edu

Linguistic branches in Europe. Image source: link

Indo-European linguistic branches in Europe. Note: the errors are the same as above. Image source: www.wings.buffalo.edu

Distribution of Romance languages in Europe. Image source: www.wikipedia.org

Detailed map depicting the Germanic languages spoken in Europe and their classifications. Image source: www.pinterest.com

Languages of Europe based on ethnic criteria. Image source: link

Languages of Europe by administrative counties. Image source: www.blogspot.com

German map from 19th century showing the distribution of peoples and languages in Europe. Source: link

German map from 19th century showing the distribution of peoples and languages in the old continent. Source: www.kroraina.com

Languages of Europe. Source: link

Languages of Europe. Source: www.eupedia.com

Languages of Europe (classification by linguistic family). Source: link

Alternative map of European languages (classification by linguistic family). Source: www.teacherweb.ftl.pinecrest.edu

Alternative distribution of languages in Europe. Source: link

The word for Christmas in various European languages. Source: i.imgur.com

The word for flower in various European languages. Source: link

The word for flower in various European languages. Source: www.folk.ntnu.no

Detailed map of languages and dialects spoken in Europe. Image source: www.deviantart.com

Detailed map of languages and dialects spoken in Europe and parts of Eurasia. Image source: www.deviantart.com

Official linguistic map of Europe. Source: link

Official linguistic map of Europe. Source: www.blogspot.com

Alternative distribution of European Languages according to ethnic criterion

An alternative map depicting the distribution of the European languages.

You can also type a word and map it using this application which will automatically detect the language and highlight the geographical area in which the respective idiom is spoken.


9 Responses to Linguistic maps of Europe | Languages of Europe

  1. Christopher Farrugia says:

    What about Maltese?

    Maltese is a mixture of Arabic (c 40%) and Romance languages.esp Italian and French (c 55 %). There are also words of English origin (c 5%)

  2. orion9e9e2 says:

    Es bueno conocer todos los idiomas y de donde son.

  3. laila sibaja carballo says:

    Amazing , thanks!

  4. Kem Cason says:

    This is incredible! Unbelievably comprehensive and extremely useful
    Thank you so much for the research and compilation.

  5. eglys broslat says:

    Very intresting, love lenguaje, I’m french teacher.

  6. Haydee McCarville says:

    Very enlightening! I always wondered about the language relationships in Europe. Thank you for posting.

  7. Tamera says:

    You are my inspiration, I own few blogs and often run out from to brand.

  8. Hollis says:

    There is another mistake, as far as I can tell. In one of the maps, the third one down, Ireland is marked with ‘Erse’ and Scotland is marked as ‘Gaelic’. Ireland should be marked as ‘Gaelic’ and Scotland as ‘Galic’. I only know this because I am a native Irish speaker 😉

  9. Mr.E says:

    Lithuanian flower is gelė, not žiedas.

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