A Brief Overview On The Music Of The Middle Ages And Its Instruments

Medieval music is characterised by the historical period encompassed between the years 400 to 1400. Its two main branches are represented by liturgical (i.e. religious) and secular (non-religious) music. On the other hand, with respect to the usages of instruments it’s important to mention that there can be identified three main musical categories as follows:…


The History Of The Medieval Saxon Fortified Churches In Transylvania

Since the High Middle Ages, a German-speaking population known as the Transylvania Saxons has been living in southern and north-eastern Transylvania, Romania. One of their greatest historical achievements is represented by the architecture and usages of a series of fortified churches, which can be still found in many places in the proximity of the Carpathians….


Pioneering Spacecraft Propulsion In Late Medieval Transylvania

Conrad Haas was a Transylvanian Saxon engineer of Austrian origin (born in Dornbach, near Vienna) who lived in the city of Hermannstadt (Romanian: Sibiu) from the Principality of Transylvania at some point in the late Middle Ages/Renaissance period. Prior to his arrival in Transylvania, present-day Romania, Conrad Haas was in charge of the arsenal of…


The History Of The Medieval Seat Fortress Of Suceava, Bukovina, Romania

Suceava (Old High German: Sedschopff; Standard Modern German: Sutschawa/Sotschen) was the third capital of the medieval Principality of Moldavia between the late 14th to late 16th century (namely between the years 1388 and 1564), after the proximal town of Baia (most likely founded by Transylvanian Saxon potters; also known in German as ‘Moldenmarkt’) lost its…


The Historical Truth Behind Egbert, The Anglo-Saxon King Of Wessex

Egbert (also known as Ecbriht or Ecberht; referred to as ‘Ecbert’ in History Channel’s ‘Vikings’ TV series) was an Anglo-Saxon King of Wessex during the early 9th century. In the serial, King Egbert is played by English actor Linus Roache, being one of the main characters of the first three seasons. It must be mentioned…