The History Of The Cardiff Castle
The origins of the Cardiff Castle can be traced back to the late part of the 11th century when, on the site of a former Roman fort, the Normans built an early stronghold (a motte-and-baily castle namely) which was made of wood and stone, being one of the first fortifications of its kind in Britain and Western Europe.
The medieval landmark is located in Cardiff’s city centre, Wales, and is reputed for having been the residence of some of the most significant personalities in British history such as William the Conqueror, Richard de Clare, or Robert Fitzhamon.
During the 12th and 13th centuries, the castle undergone a series of reconstructions in stone, as such imposing itself as the heart of the then medieval town of Cardiff. Throughout the Middle Ages, it was involved in a series of military conflicts, most notably in the ones between the Anglo-Normans and the Welsh which took place during the 12th century. Later on, the castle was besieged in 1404 in the time of Owain Glyndŵr’s revolt.
Following the late Middle Ages and early Modern Age, the castle and its domain became possessions of some noble families and personalities including Richard de Beauchamp or the Marquesses of Bute. Currently, the fortification is a significant Welsh tourist attraction and has also been extensively used as a cultural venue for a series of social events (most of which were concerts).
In terms of architecture, the structure features beautiful Victorian style and Gothic revival elements. Amongst the local attractions, on the must see list there are the Norman shell keep, the newly reconstructed Roman wall, or the South Gate with the 15th century restored Black Tower.
Below you can watch a brief documentary on Cardiff Castle by a local Welsh television in the 1990s: