The Battle of Clontarf
The Battle of Clontarf represented a turning point in Irish history as it was the day when the Norsemen were defeated by the Irish High King Brian Boru, as such putting an end to the Norse domination of Ireland. The battle took place on the April 23, 1014 at Clontarf, near modern-day Dublin, on the east coast of Ireland, and lasted from sunrise to sunset (according to the medieval chronicles).
The forces of the High King of Ireland, Brian Boru, clashed against a Norse-Irish alliance led by the then King of Dublin, Sigtrygg Silkbeard, the King of Leinster, Máel Mórda mac Murchada and an additional Norse regiment in the command of Sigurd of Orkney and Brodir of Mann.
Despite the fact that the belligerent side of Brian Boru emerged victorious, Brian Boru himself was ruthlessly slain by a group of Norsemen that sneaked nearby the tents of his military camp. His son Murchad and his grandson Toirdelbach were also murdered by the Norsemen.
On the other side, the leaders of the Norse-Irish forces, namely the King of Leinster Máel Mórda and the Norse chieftains Sigurd and Brodir, have also been killed in the process. The aftermath of the battle was that the Norsemen of the Kingdom of Dublin were reduced to a minor power in Ireland, as such losing their status of dominance in front of the Irish people.
Concerning the fate of Brian Boru’s family after his death, it is know that it lost its importance but it actually didn’t enter in a period of total decadence since there was no dispute over the throne of the High King of Ireland until the late part of the 12th century.
The skirmish was recorded in both Irish and Norse chronicles, thus paving the road to Brian Boru’s subsequent acclamation as the national hero of Ireland. The clash between the Irish and Norse armies at Clontarf gradually emerged to be seen as a tremendous victory of the Irish against foreign rule.
It was used later on used as a symbol of Irish resistance against the Norman conquest of Ireland during the late Middle Ages and subsequently once again throughout the British rule. While modern historians tend to regard this event in a much more critical way, the battle is still subject to many theories which are linked to imagination.
Documentation sources and external links:
- Battle of Clontarf on www.wikipedia.org (in English)
- Brian Boru on www.wikipedia.org (in English)
- Brian, King of Ireland on www.britannica.com
- Battle of Clontarf on www.clontarf.ie
- Clontarf 1014 | Exhibitions | Archaeology on www.museum.ie
- Facts about Brian Boru and the Battle of Clontarf on www.irishcentral.com
- The Battle of Clontarf in Irish history and legend on www.historyireland.com
- Battle of Clontarf re-enactment attracts 40,000 spectators on www.irishtimes.com